Author: easterncraftuk

What Is EPUB and Why Convert EPUB Files to PDF

Over time, EPUB has been popular for numerous people, especially to e-book readers. This article will help you get familiarize with EPUB file format, the difference between PDF and EPUB file format, and why you should convert EPUB to PDF format.

What is EPUB file format?

EPUB stands for electronic publication – and this format is one of the most known formats of files in e-books. It has a file extension of .epub. The files in EPUB documents contain images, words, stylesheets, details, fonts, tables of contents, or metadata about the book like title or author. When the file is in EPUB format, you can still view it not only on larger screens but even on smaller screens. That’s why almost every e-book reader,  supports the EPUB file format.

Since EPUB is known as the electronic publication, and when you say publication, it means digital books. In today’s time, EPUB is the most used file format in the industry of digital publishing.

Difference between EPUB and PDF File Format

Numerous people get confused with PDF and EPUB file format because they have things in common. But there are also internal distinctions. An EPUB file format is display-oriented, while the PDF file format is print-oriented with a static layout. In EPUB format, since it is display-oriented, it displays marvellously on numerous devices through permitting the text to adjust to the screen size while maintaining the formatting and layout. If you are looking for an excellent experience on reading, you can rely on EPUB. When it comes to PDF format, it is ideal when it comes to preparing a file document and printing on a paper, because the file will print exactly just like how you see it on your computer.

How to Read EPUB File Format on Different Devices

If you wish to read an EPUB file format on your PC, there are two recommended ways to do it. First, you can install an EPUB reader application to read a file in .epb format and then second, install an extension for your browser.

  • Adobe Digital Edition – this freeware provides you with a fascinating way to manage and view EPUB books.
  • Firefox Extension – this is ideal for users who do not want to install an application. Its plug-in is feature-rich and thorough EPUB reader.

If you want to read EPUB file on your android device, you have to install the appropriate application for you to open the file – and the recommended application to install is the Epub Reader for Android. This application can excellently manage the EPUB files you downloaded from a certain website or imported from your SD card.

Lastly, if you are owning an iOS device and you need to read an EPUB file, you don’t have to worry. Because there’s this application called iBooks which allows you to read EPUB files. You can find it at iTunes App Store and install in on your device.

Converting EPUB to PDF File Format

There are numerous reasons why you might want to convert the EPUB file to a PDF file format. Free File Convert provides a better way to convert EPUB file to PDF file.

PDF or Portable Document Format files was developed by Adobe Systems. It is very useful if you plan to print several parts of an ebook. This is very helpful to people especially to students because numerous textbooks are now using ebooks or electronic publication.

EPUB or Electronic Publication format was developed by International Digital Publishing Forum – and it is one of the most basic types of ebook files. Over time, almost every online ebook retailers and publishers use it.

If you want to convert EPUB file format to PDF file format, here’s what exactly you need to do:

  • Go to our EPUB conversion page.
  • Choose the desired conversion format, e.g., EPUB to PDF
  • Step 1: Click on the “File” tab and choose a file to upload for conversion
  • Step 2: Choose an output format from the dropdown list.
  • Step 3: Click the “Convert” button
  • Once your file is uploaded, you’ll then automatically be taken to a status page where you can check the status of your conversion.
  • After the file conversion is completed, you can then download the file by clicking on the “Download” button.

Using our free online conversion service, you don’t have to install any software because you use the website to convert files from EPUB to PDF format.

Learning All about CSV Files or Comma Separated Values

Are you interested to learn about what the term CSV actually means and how it connects to the world of computations and symbols that end up building data strings for websites all over the globe? Please read this article to find out everything you would want to know.

We will provide you with some information about the CSV files and extensions and how you can use it to your advantage when creating unique command strings for programs down the line. However, before going any further let us first define the term CSV.

Definition Of Terms

The term CSV refers to comma-separated values or any delimited text files that use commas to separate and divide a string of significant character symbols into individual sets. A CSV file can store both numbers and text expressed as plain figures.

Each line of the file also consists of more fields that are separated by commas. This particular punctuation mark serves as a field separator that can also serve as a file name for this particular format.

The CSV file format is not the standard format used in normal text. The idea of separating fields with commas is pretty clear. However, it can be confusing when a certain field contains commas as part of the string. This is similar to embedded line breaks with commas as part of the character string.

Thus, CSV files may not be able to handle such a large amount of data. Most of the time, developers also use other punctuation marks in conjunction with the comma to divide it from the string as a unique element. An example of these additional punctuation marks in a string would be the quotation.

However, this does not solve everything. Some strings may require the use of quotation marks as part of the character set as well in order to be implemented. In this case, CSV files can also make use of escape characters and sequences for implementation.

Other Connotations

CSV can also refer to delimited or separated file formats and character strings that use different punctuation marks as a field separator. Here are some examples:

  • The Semicolons
  • Tab and space-separated values

A delimiter that is invisible from the character string much like “tab”, keeps the format simple and easy to understand. Different CSV files are still usually given the .csv extension despite having other punctuation marks as field separators.

Many of the applications that accept CSV files have the embedded option to accept either the delimiter character or the quotation marks. Semicolons are also used as a field separator in some European countries.

The Exchange Of Data

Data files with comma-separated values are commonly used by consumers, business entities as well as various scientific applications. The most common use among these would be as an integral part of a tabular representation of data. The data exchange occurs usually between and among programs that operate within non-compatible formats. Most of these non-compatible formats are undocumented or copyrighted properties.

This usually works because of the support of so many programs for many variations of the CSV format used for data importation.

For instance, users may need to execute a data transfer from one database program to another. One or the other database may use spreadsheets to store data in either proprietary or undocumented format.

When this happens, the program user may export the file using a CSV extension which can then be imported into the spreadsheet of another program to be converted into a compatible file.

Specific Definitions

Standard specifications have been proposed for CSV files by RFC 4180. These are the definitions commonly used. However, within the regular field, the term CSV usually refers to many types of file formats.

This is why the term CSV can refer to files that include the following:

  • Plain text with Unicode character strings.
  • Records (one record per line)

Records are usually divided into different fields that are separated by delimiters which can refer to single characters or commands such as space or tab option. The usual punctuations can also serve as delimiters (Commas, semicolons, quotations, etc.).

In addition, every record usually has the same field sequence.

Within these parameters, there are many known variations used. This is why there’s no usual specification for every file that is claimed to be a CSV. In addition to this, most of the applications supporting these file types recognize the first few lines of the file as a preview and have specifications regarding the delimiter characters and quotes.

If any of these variations fall beyond the scope of the supporting program used, programmers and coders are usually called upon to work on the file manually, using a text editor. These professionals often write scripts to reformat the whole file if and when necessary.

Closing Statement

These are just some of the important facts you need to know about comma-separated values within files. With these significant pieces of data, we hope that you will be able to create your own CSV string sooner rather than later.

You can use our CSV converter to convert your CSV files to many popular output formats or you can use our XLS to CSV Converter for reverse conversion. We also support a lot of other XLS and XLSX conversions.

FLAC format: What Is It? History and Uses

What is FLAC?

FLAC is an acronym for Free Lossless Audio Codec, it is almost like MP3 the only difference is that MP3 make use of what is called “lossy” compression. FLAC is ranked the popular and fastest lossless audio codec when digital audio is compressed by FLAC such audio is reduced to a size that is about 50% to 70% of the main size of the audio file although the reduced file is a matching copy of the initial audio file. The space taken by an audio file compressed by FLAC is quite smaller than the size it is before compression while maintaining the same quality. With the free lossless audio codec, every single sound made in an audio file can be heard, some of these sounds might not necessarily be a sound that can be comprehended or heard by an average human but if you have more sensitive ears you would love the standard quality FLAC lossless compression, this fact is what differentiates FLAC from MP3. Using MP3 the audio file sound is filtered that is some fragment of the sound information has been discarded. Using FLAC there is no loss of information, FLAC is supported by a lot of electronic devices such as car stereo, portable players, home stereo and the likes. FLAC is quite an error-resistant because of the framing it has, this feature helps reduces the effect of damage to the part where the error occurs and FLAC makes CD archiving possible. This free lossless audio codec is made in an open format, therefore, it is quite impossible to generate loss if the audio file compressed is needed to be converted into some other format in the nearest future. There is a verify option in FLAC and this option helps in decoding the encoded file stream in parallel with an encoding process with a comparison of the compressed file to the original file and if any error is detected whatsoever the process will be aborted.

History of FLAC

Sometime in the late nineties, the MP3 was creating worrisome effect based on the rampant illegal sharing by users over Napster. FLAC was developed in the year 2000 and the implementation of FLAC was made on the 15th of January 2001 with a Beta version of 0.5. On the 20th of July 2001, another version was released which was version 1.0. By 29th of January 2003, FLAC project and Xiph.org Foundation made public their incorporation and this was made known under the Xip.org banner. You would ask what is Xip.org? Xip.org is a foundation that is responsible for other free compression formats such as Theora, Vorbis, Opus, and Speex. A new version of FLAC was released on the 26th of May 2013 and from this point onward development was shifted to the Xip.org git repository. FLAC comprises of the stream format and also plugin inputs for countless media players. There is also something called Ogg FLAC, this is a format that uses Ogg container which was incorporated by Xip.org for streaming.

Uses of FLAC

FLAC is supported by several apps on different types of mobile phones and PC such as IOS, Android and Windows (specifically Windows 10). FLAC is good when it comes to downloading files on the internet as it helps reduce the time use in downloading. FLAC can be used in streaming music files on the internet, compressing audio files, typically not all music or media players can play a FLAC file but there are quite a number of quality media players that do this, an example is VOX music player for iPhones and Mac. There have been some comments about no difference between FLAC and MP3 and this is so not true. FLAC music quality is experienced with a good headphone and a good sound system because sometimes without this it might be quite hard to distinguish between these two. The quality of a FLAC audio file is clear and succinct as the original sound recording of that audio file. The quality of audio that FLAC gives is way better than that of MP3.

Conclusion

All being said about FLAC, it is evident that FLAC is not as known by all when compared with MP3, based on the fact that FLAC more than x2 of an mp3 file but smaller when compressed. Although with the compression there is no difference whatsoever in the sound quality of FLAC audio file. If you cannot really differentiate between these two, have you made a comparison using a headphone with great sound quality? Some music player or streaming service uses FLAC as an upload option and also a download option.

Our FLAC Converter page has a lot of conversion types that can be done from that format, the most popular ones are FLAC to MP3 or MP3 to FLAC. Our formats page has a full list of all the supported conversion types.

What Is CBR File Format, Background, And Usage?

CBR format, also known as the Comic Book Archive, is simply an archive file created for the purpose of sequential viewing of images and with no doubt what makes it possible for comic books to exist. Clearly removing any thought in your head that might be suggesting that comic books today are actually drawn by hand. But what do we exactly mean by an archive file? This is simply a file that is made up of one or more other computer files and metadata and may include a set of JPEG – an image saved in a compressed graphical format, PNG – an image saved in Portable Network Graphic format and GIF – an image file often used for web graphics. Not only does this make portability easier but also economical on space.

In fact, CBR files can exist in many different forms that you might have come across already. For example RAR, TAR and ZIP. What is more interesting though is that each of these formats goes by its own unique name. For example, if you store an image in RAR format then you will have to save it by the name CDisplay RAR Archived Comic Book or CDisplay Zip Archived Comic Book If it is stored in ZIP format.

This idea was however initially influenced and made even more famous by the CDisplay sequential image viewer. It was this application that stood out from many similar Comic book views of the time by focusing on allowing users to display their comic books and Mangas in a sequential manner.

This helped in that if you open a CBR file, it does not open in the original archive application that it was programmed to be opened in but instead, its content is viewed in a comic book reader. This right here completely revolutionized how we open and read comics on our digital devices.

Creating and Editing of CBR files.

Having in mind that CBR files are just differently labelled file types, you can simply use any archive application that is capable of opening and editing them.

Let’s say, you take an example of a comic book and just open it with any application you have that can handle ZIP files.

Please note that some applications like 7Zip recognize that CBR files are just ZIP files and can easily access them without necessarily having to rename it. However, this is not always the case with other applications that actually need you to manually rename it from CBZ to ZIP and CBR to RAR first.

After gaining access to a CBR file, you will be happy to know that they open pretty much the same way as the typical archive container. While in, you can easily take out its content, rename it, play around with the content and even add in more files. This allows you to easily amend and create comic books with whatever image you might want.

The process is actually easy to learn. Just save your images while at the same time ensuring that are numbered in order. All you have to do is make sure you do the editing as a ZIP archive and finally change it and have the final document with its extension changed to CBZ. In all this process, it is the numbering that might get your hands full but even that has been automated today. There is a trick in Windows to get that done for you using Windows File Explore or for full control over this comic project, you can get the services of bulk renaming apps like Bulk Rename Utility.

To effectively number, just remember to have it in starting with zero when numbering your files to make sure your files work well across the existing wide range of operating systems. Let’s say there are 100 files that you need to number in order, don’t just start with filename1.jpg to filename100.jpg instead use filename001.jpg to filename100.jpg. Don’t heed this and your comic reader might end up ordering them randomly.

Most efficient software for Opening CBR files.

For Windows, you still have CDisplay, a premium lightweight leader for CBR and CBZ files. But you have the choice of ComicRack too.

For MacOs, there is SimpleComic and Linux users should definitely try out MComix, a powerful reader but no longer in development.

Comics are most likely to go hand in hand with tablets and luckily there are apps out there that can turn them to mobile comic book readers. For example, Android users can try out Astonishing Comic reader or the free ComicRack Companion app. iOS users also have ComicRack and ComicZeal to get them connected too.

In fact, simply put, these are just ZIP and RAR files with modified extensions. You can go even ahead and simply describe them even more by just defining them as just archive files with images inside.

Our CBR Converter supports a number of conversions between CBR and other e-book file formats and also conversion in the reverse order, our most popular conversions are CBR to MOBI and CBR to PDF.